Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of living things, ranging from microscopic organisms up to the largest known animal, the blue whale. It is divided into many specialized fields including evolution, ecology, zoology, botany, genetics, microbiology and molecular biology. This science examines function, structure, origin, growth, evolution, distribution and taxonomy.
Biology is extremely relevant to our daily lives, as it helps us to understand how living things work, including the human body. Furthermore, the study of biology is crucial in the development of new food products, to protect the environmental quality of our world, and improving human health e.g. through the discovery of new medical treatments and tests for diseases.
Modern biology is founded on four main components: cell theory, evolution, gene theory, and homeostasis. Schools recognize the importance of biology to society, regarding it as one of the three most important branches of sciences, alongside physics and chemistry.
|NAMD||Parallel molecular dynamics code designed for high-performance simulation of large biomolecular systems|
|VMD||Molecular visualization program for displaying, animating, and analyzing large biomolecular systems using 3-D graphics and built-in scripting|
|simuPOP||General-purpose individual-based forward-time population genetics simulation environment|
|MUSCLE||Popular multiple alignment software|
|TREE-PUZZLE||Maximum likelihood analysis for nucleotide, amino acid, and two-state data|
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